Patient Resources

Tools to Help People with Migraine

What is Migraine Disease?

According to diagnostic criteria established by the International Headache Society, in order to be diagnosed with migraine disease, patients must have had at least 5 headache attacks that lasted 4–72 hours and the attacks must have had at least 2 of the following characteristics:

  • Unilateral location
  • Pulsating quality
  • Moderate or severe pain intensity
  • Aggravation by or causing avoidance of routine physical activity

In addition, during the headache the patient must have had at least 1 of the following:

  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Photophobia and phonophobia

Migraine Treatments

Abortive therapies are used to treat symptoms when they occur.

  • Medication types: NSAIDS, Triptans, Gepants, Ditans
  • Nerve blocks: Greater Occipital Nerve (GON) block, Trigger point injections
  • Neuromodulation devices: Cefaly, electroCore, Nerivio, Gammacore, Relivion

Preventive therapies are administered routinely to reduce the intensity and frequency of migraine attacks.

  • Medication types: Antihypertensives, Antidepressants, Calcium Channel Blockers, Anti-seizure medications, Supplements and vitamins as well as Gepants and CGRP Monoclonal Antibodies
  • Neuromodulation devices: Cefaly, electroCore, Gammacore

Play an active role in your healthcare by learning about migraine disease. We have created and curated a selection of resources to help keep you informed on migraine, from treatments to triggers and more. Hear from experts in the migraine community in our podcast, get advice from patients going through similar journeys to you on the blog and discover resources from other migraine organizations.

Click on the play buttons below the videos to view our different podcasts.

Treatments

Types of Migraine

Pediatric Migraine

Natural Remedies

Children and Migraine

When a child complains of a headache, the first step should be to take the complaint seriously.

Migraine is one of the most common neurologic conditions in children. It can create significant childhood disability by causing absences from school. This also can interrupt parents' work and family schedules.  It is estimated that children with migraine lose one and a half weeks more schooling per year than their peers. A questionnaire, PedMIDAS, was developed to assess migraine disability in pediatric and adolescent patients.

It has been estimated that about 10% of children between 6 and 20 years of age have migraine. Attacks can begin at an early age and the prevalence increases with age:

  • 3% in children ages two to seven
  • 5% percent in ages seven to eleven
  • 5% of boys and 10% of girls during puberty, ages eleven and older

It can be very helpful for clinicians to provide school nurses with personalized treatment recommendations, or a Migraine Action Plan on each child with migraine.

Partner Resources

Migraine-at-School

Migraine Resources for Parents, Students and Educators

Coalition for Headache and Migraine Patients

Insurance Financial Assistance Guides

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Resources for Your Workplace

Migraine at Work give employers and employees the tools they need to create healthier, stigma-free, and more productive workplaces for those living with migraine disease.

Global Health Living Foundation

Migraine Patient Guidelines

Patient Advocate Foundation

Migraine Careline

A dedicated phone number that provides one-on-one case management assistance for those with migraine who need help appealing insurance denials, assisting with the Social Security or employer disability process

 

CME for your doctor

Print and share this handout with your primary care physician, gynecologist, dentist, nurses and other healthcare providers!

A Migraine Toolbox CME handout.