Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the loss of kidney function over a period of time. The kidneys play a vital role in making hormones as well as filtering waste, toxins and extra water. They also help create red blood cells, balance minerals and electrolytes and maintain bone health. Two main causes of CKD are diabetes and hypertension. Chronic kidney disease can progress into end stage kidney failure which can be fatal without dialysis or a kidney transplant. 

A study found that those with migraine had a 1.22 times higher risk of having CKD compared to controls.1 Additionally, they found that those who took propranolol or NSAIDS for migraine were also at higher risk of CKD.1